Early Education in Calamba and Biňan
Riza Rizal's first teacher was his mother. His mom taught him the alphabet and prayers even at the age of three. But as Rizal grow older, his parents employed a private tutors to give him lesson at home. His first formal teachers were;
1. Lucas Padua
2. Celestino
3. Leon Monroy


By June 1869 Paciano enrolled to the school of Maestro Justiniano Aquino Cruz. In Biňan Rizal’s painting was greatly develop because he spent much of his time to the studio of Juancho, an old painter who is also the father in law Justiniano Aquino Cruz. Although Rizal learn a lot in Biňan yet he don’t have a happy life in Biňan There are a lot of boys who bully him esp. those who got jealous of his academic excellence, that’s why Rizal was so relief when he was allowed by his parents to go home. At last by Dec. 17, 1870 after a year and a half of schooling, he left Biňan.
Pedr Pedro-son of Justiniano who always bully Rizal
Leandro-a nuisance grandson of his aunt in Biňan
Margarita-Rizal’s spinster cousin in Biňan
Arcadia-a young tomboy niece in Biňan who treated him like real brother

*How was the change of environment develop Rizal’s nationalism?
*Cite anything that would illustrate how Rizal’s nationalism was develop.

*How effective was the educational system of Ateneo?

Activity A:

1.Form 2 groups composed of 3 members each group
2.
Group A should fill in one row in the left side of the TIC –TAC- TOE w/ letter “J”
3.
Group B should fill in one row in the right side of the TIC-TAC-TOE w/ letter “R”

Activity B:

1.Form 2 groups w/ 5 members each group
2.Each group should fill in one line of the TIC-TAC-TOE either vertically, horizontally, or diagonally.
3.
The first group to accomplished the TIC-TAC-TOE will receive a prize.

Scholastic triumphs at Ateneo de Manila
On J June 10, 1872- Rizal went to Manila & took the entrance exam on Christian Doctrine, Latin & reading at San Juan de Letran. But when he go back to Manila, his father who want him to study in Letran decided to enroll Rizal in Ateneo.
Aten Ateneo was formerly the Escuela Pia (Charity
School), a school for poor boys in Manila which was established by the city government in 1817. The Jesuit was expelled from the Phil in 1768. When they returned Manila in 1859, they were given mgt of Ateneo Municipal which later become Ateneo de Manila. The Jesuit are explended educator that Ateneo acquire prestige as excellent college for boys.

At 1 1st , the college registrar of Ateneo, Fr. Magin Fernando was hesitant to admit Rizal for two reasons:
He was late in registration
He l took sickly & undersized for his age.
But through the help of Xerxes Burgos, nephew of Fr. Burgos, Rizal was admitted in Ateneo.

Advantages of Jesuits Educational System:
1.More advance than other colleges during that time
2. train the student by rigid discipline &religious instruction
3. stimulated the intellectual capacity of the student by healthy competition

Two Groups of Students in Ateneo:
1. Roman Empire-interno/boarder; w/red banner
2. Carthaginian Empire-externo/ non-boarder; blue banner

Ranks of Students in an Empire
1. Emperor
2.Tribune
3. Decurion
4. Centurion
5. Standard Bearer

*Aside from the rank in each group, the two groups, were also in constant competition for supremacy, in the class. Each group has a banner and will be place on different parts of their room defending on their number of wins and once group will be defeating for several times, the bsanner will be change with a figure of a donkey.
*Although Rizal admires the System of Ateneo yet it was here where he start to feel the discrimination of the Indio. The racial discrimination intensifies his desire to excel in his scholastic performance.



*Rizal’s first Professor in Ateneo was Fr. Jose Bech, As a new comer Rizal was placed at the bottom of the class under the Carthaginians since he was non-boarder or externo. But at the end of the month, he became the “emperor” or the brightest pupil in the whole class.

*During their vacant time Rizal took private lessons in sta. Isabel College, on Spanish. Making him well verse in Spanish. But during the 2
nd of Rizal’s 1st year in Ateneo

*He wasn’t able to maintain he academic supremacy because he resented some remarks of his professor. Likewise, the imprisonment of his mother affected his academic performance.

During
his 2nd year in Ateneo, Rizal has several new classmate and during this time he was able to regain his class leadership as emperor and receive a gold medal, during summer, Rizal visited his mother and it was this them when Rizal made a prophecy that he’s mother would be release within three months. And the prophecy was true because barely three months pass, Donya Teodora was set free.

Teenage Interest in Reading
Summer in1874, Rizal began to take interest in reading novels & books such as the:
1.Count of Monte Cristo- by Alexander Dumas
2. Universal History by Cesar Cantu
3.Travels in the Phil. by Feodor Jagor, a German scientist & traveler who visited the Phil. in 1859-1860.

Rizal was impressed in Jagor’s account due to:

A. Jagor’s keen observation of the defects of Spanish colonization.
B. Jagor’s prophecy that Spain would lose Phil. & America would come to succeed her as colonizer.

In his Third year in Ateneo is not as good as his previous years. However, all her grades are excellent but he got only one medal. 4th year in Ateneo: Rizal become an interno & one of his Professor in this year is Fr. Francisco de Paula Sanchez, a great educator & Scholar who inspired young Rizal to Study harder & write poetry. He becomes admirer of Rizal while Rizal considers him as best teacher in Ateneo. Rizal described him in his memoirs as the “model of of uprightness, earnestness & love for the advancement of his pupils“. Inspired by father Sanchez, Rizal topped all his classmates in all subjects & won 5 medals at the end of the
Last Year in Ateneo (1876-1877)
Because Rizal become the most brilliant Atenian of his time, he was truly pride of the Jesuits He o obtained highest grades in all his subjects Mar March 23, 1877- the Commencement Day of Rizal in Ateneo where he finish the degree if Bachelor of Arts with high honor.
Extracurricular Activities
Congregation of Mary Apo Apostleship of prayer Aca Academy of Science Literature AcaAcademy of Natural Science
Agustine Saez- teacher in painting
Romualdo de Jesus- teacher in sculpture


Image of Virgin Mary- Sculptural work of Rizal carved on a piece of
Batikuling.
-made by Rizal upon the request of Fr. Lleonart
St. Eustace, the Martyr- dramatic work of Rizal in Ateneo upon the request of Fr. Sanchez.

Segunda Katigbak- boardmate of Olympia who become 1st love of Rizal at the age of 16. They studied at Colegio de La Concordia
but the romance did not bloom because she was engage to her
Uncle, Manuel Luz.

Mariano Katigbak-brother of Segunda who is a friend of Rizal
Don Francisco & Paciano wanted Rizal to pursue higher ladder of learning

Donya Teodora opposed Rizal’s further education because she is afraid that Rizal might will be beheaded by the Spanish authority.
April 1877- Rizal matriculated in the University of Santo Tomas


Reasons Why Rizal
Took Up Philosophy & Letters
1. He is not certain as to what course to take
2. His father like it

Reason For Taking Medicine
1. It is the advise of the Rector of Ateneo
2. He wanted to cure his mother


Whil e studying in UST, Rizal also took up vocational course leading ti Perito Agrimensor (expert surveyor).He excelled in all his subject & obtained gold medal in Agriculture & topography. He passed the exam in surveying but his title was issued only in Nov. 25, 1881 since he was underage at that time.
Romances W/ other Girls
Inspite
of his busy schedule, Rizal has still time for love
1. Miss L- a lady in Calamba but the romance died out because his father don’t like the family of Ms. L
2.Leonor Valenzuela (Orang)- from Pagsanhan, Laguna
-Rizal used to sent to her love notes using invisible ink
& taught the technique of reading the notes.
3. Leonor Rivera- Rizal’s 1
st cousin from Camiling, Laguna
- beautiful daughter of Antonio Rivera, landlord-uncle of
Rizal in Casa Tomasina. Rizal & Leonor become engage. In
Her letter to Rizal, Leonor signed her name as Taimis in
Order to conceal her identity from their parents & friends.

Three Most Cherished Girlfriends of Rizal
1. Leonor Rivera
2. Seiko-usui
3. Josephine Bracken

While Rizal was still a student of Ateneo, he won a prize in writing a poem entitled “A La Juventud Filipina” ( To the Filipino Youth). This contest
was sponsored by the Liceo Artistico Literario (Artistic- Literary Lyceum. This contest is intended for the natives & mestizo & the prize won by Rizal is a silver pen.


1880-Riza's El Consejo De Los Dioses won a bust of Cervantes..This contest was sponsored by Liceo-Artistico
Companerismo-Organization established by Rizal in UST
-Members were called Companion of Jehu.


1880-Liceo-Artistico Literario open another literary contest to commemorate the death of Miguel Cervantes, national artist of Spain who wrote the Don Quixote.
-Rizal won gold ring w/ a bust of Cervantes
-His entry is the drama entitled El Consejo De Los Dioses or the Council of Gods w/c out do the works of the Spaniards
-His success is very significant because it imply that Filipino could equal w/ other races.

Compaňerismo- a secret society against the Spaniards in UST members were called Companion of Jehu.


1880-Liceo-Artistico Literario open another literary contest to commemorate the death of Miguel Cervantes, national artist of Spain who wrote the Don Quixote.
-Rizal won gold ring w/ a bust of Cervantes
-His entry is the drama entitled El Consejo De Los Dioses or the Council of Gods w/c out do the works of the Spaniards
-His success is very significant because it imply that Filipino could equal w/ other races.

Compaňerismo- a secret society against the Spaniards in UST members were called Companion of Jehu.

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1880-Liceo-Artistico Literario open another literary contest to commemorate the death of Miguel Cervantes, national
artist of Spain who wrote the Don Quixote.
-Rizal won gold ring w/ a bust of Cervantes
-His entry is the drama entitled El Consejo De Los Dioses or the Council of Gods w/c out do the works of the Spaniards
-His success is very significant because it imply that Filipino could equal w/ other races.





Compaňerismo- a secret society against the Spaniards in UST members were called Companion of Jehu.